HUG THE MINI GRID 2

GOOD NIGHT, DARKNESS

Africa might leapfrog straight to cheap renewable electricity and mini-grids.Hug Mini Grid

Apart from speckles of light around the biggest cities, much of Africa is dark. Of all the measures of the continent’s poverty, few are starker than that about two-thirds of its people have no access to reliable electricity. The number of Africans without any power is 620 million, most of them in villages and on farms. The African Progress Panel (APP) found that in nine African countries fewer than one in five primary schools had lights. A study by the World Health Organization found that about a quarter of clinics and hospitals in 11 African countries have no power of any kind, and many of the rest get it from generators that often break down or run out of fuel.  If you don’t have electricity you don’t have a fridge, and if you don’t have a fridge hospitals can’t store vaccines. They rely on expensive backup generators, so the electricity they use is among the costliest in the world. This is the biggest single barrier to development.

Adding a house to the grid even in a compact country such as Rwanda typically costs about $2,000, which is more than the country’s average annual income per person. The APP reckons that expanding grid power across Africa to reach almost everyone would cost $63 billion a year until 2030, compared with the $8 billion a year that is being spent now. Continue reading HUG THE MINI GRID 2

NEXT GREEN REVOLUTION 2

The Next Green Revolution is Here.

Science prevented the last food crisis. Can it save us again in the Next Green Revolution? Africa’s cropland biomass occupies ~38% of the photo synthetically active land area of the African continent (~19.8 M km2) and encompasses more than 90% of its rural population living in 54 countries.

We must concentrate on the biomass of Africa that include forests and rangelands, but exclude deserts

A big, risky decision for small holder farmers is what type and how much fertilizer to apply to their crops. There is lot of uncertainty about how the crops will respond, with a risk that the farmers will even lose when they harvest and sell the produce. Testing the soil beforehand and knowing how plants will respond can play an important role in reducing this risk. But the high cost and lack of access to testing services have been major bottlenecks for farmers in developing countries.

Low-Cost Soil AnalysisNext Green Revolution

Similarly, planners in governments, the private sector and non-governmental organizations who are working out what to supply to small holder farmers are also faced with large uncertainties on what types and combinations of inputs to supply and where, in relation to the local soils. For example, a number of agencies in Africa are designing fertilizer blending and liming programs and so need to know how strongly acid soils are and what soil micro nutrients may be limiting in different areas. Existing soil maps do not provide up-to-date information on specific soil properties that are needed to guide such decisions. Continue reading NEXT GREEN REVOLUTION 2

KINETIC POWER OF WATER 2

 Kinetic Power 

The HUG is a damless system that uses kinetic power of moving water.  Rapids can add 70 MW power without impacting on  the environment. Africa could benefit from its kinetic power of water from rapids. This would provide a return on investment within just a few years.

HUG Malawi Rapids

A Funnel HUG can be adapted to capture kinetic energy in the form of electricity from the tail race of a dam.
Malawi HUG Rapids

Now let’s explain the real reason for the HUG: POWER

The formula for Kinetic Energy is KE= ½ x A x V 3 x (.35) efficiency    (A = area swept; Velocity).        The area of the throat of the HUG is 3.26 m2

 Kinetic Energy = ½ x 3.26 m2 x (7.7 m/s*)3 x .35 = 260kW/turbine x 6 = 1.56 MW

            Acceleration = a = g (acceleration of gravity) = 9.8 m/sec

          (Final Velocity)2 = 2 x a x s (2 x 9.8 m/sec x 3.05 m)= 7.7 m/sec

The Next StepMalawi HUG rapids

Continue reading KINETIC POWER OF WATER 2

AFRICA NORTH HYDRO & IRRIGATION 2

 ELECTRICITY & IRRIGATION

The estimated cost of an irrigation  & micro electricity system is $1,286,000 under normal circumstances in North Africa. The probable cost will be double or triple because no project like this has ever been accomplished:

The range of $1,286,000 to $3,850,000 of Irrigation Costs will be borne by private investment. The cost of the electricity is $.03/Kwh. The market price of electricity in remote areas of Africa is well over $.15/Kwh. That means a tremendous return on investment for the entrepreneur. 

OUR STRATEGY

Stage 1   Agricultural Mechanization of Africa                                                   Stage 2   Today’s Tall Trees Nursery: Carbon Tax Fund Resource
Stage 3   Micro Finance and Landlord Cooperative for Irrigation 
Stage 4   Irrigation in Remote Areas using moving water energy.
Stage 5   Electricity in Remote Areas created from moving water.

Northern Energy Highway: 6,500 MW to El Fasher, Sudan

Where does all this electricity come from? the Congo River near Inga.

AFRICA NORTH HYDRO & IRRIGATION
AFRICA NORTH HYDRO & IRRIGATION
Africa north hydro irrigation
Africa north hydro irrigation
Africa north hydro irrigation
Africa north hydro irrigation

Continue reading AFRICA NORTH HYDRO & IRRIGATION 2

ATLANTIC AFRICA HYDRO & IRRIGATION 2

 HUG Ocean Current Power


Ocean-current-turbines inside the ocean along the coastline from  Ghana and Liberia, which could generate all of their energy needs.

00Untitled-6Why hasn’t anyone developed this potential? Because ocean current flow is only 1 m/sec.  The HUG System is designed to create a fast laminar flow from  the turbulent ocean current and thereby increasing the  necessary threshold velocity  to 3.1 m/sec.

Why hasn’t anyone developed this potential? Because ocean current flow is only 1 m/sec.  The HUG System is designed to create a fast laminar flow from  the turbulent ocean current and thereby increasing the  necessary threshold velocity  to 3.1 m/sec.

ZZZZUntitled-14Ocean-current-turbines inside the ocean along the coastline from  Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana and Liberia, which could generate all of their energy needs.

00Untitled-7 Continue reading ATLANTIC AFRICA HYDRO & IRRIGATION 2

AFRICA SOUTH EAST: HYDRO & IRRIGATION 2

 

map AFRICA SOUTH EAST HYDRO & IRRIGATION
map AFRICA SOUTH EAST HYDRO

Where does all this electricity come from? Congo River near Inga.

AFRICA SOUTH EAST HYDRO
map AFRICA SOUTH EAST HYDRO

Continue reading AFRICA SOUTH EAST: HYDRO & IRRIGATION 2

AFRICA WEST HYDRO & IRRIGATION 2

  ELECTRICITY & IRRIGATION

The estimated cost of an irrigation  & micro electricity system is $1,286,000 under normal circumstances in West Africa countries. The probable cost will be double or triple because no project like this has ever been accomplished:

The range of $1,286,000 to $3,850,000 of Irrigation Costs will be borne by private investment. The cost of the electricity is $.033/Kwh. The market price of electricity in remote areas of Africa is well over $.15/Kwh.

AFRICA WEST HYDRO & IRRIGATION
AFRICA WEST HYDRO & IRRIGATION
AFRICA WEST HYDRO & IRRIGATION
AFRICA WEST HYDRO & IRRIGATION

Where does all this electricity come from? the Congo River near Inga.

The Western Energy Highway to Lagos would deliver 1,000 MW and would cost $600 million. Western Highway would expand to 4000 MW in 2012 and to 8,000 MW in 2020 to Cameroon and Calabar, Nigeria. Continue reading AFRICA WEST HYDRO & IRRIGATION 2

AFRICA EAST HYDRO & ELECTRICITY 2

ELECTRICITY & IRRIGATION

The estimated cost of an irrigation  & micro electricity system is $1,286,000 under normal circumstances in East Africa. The probable cost will be double or triple because no project like this has ever been accomplished:

The range of $1,286,000 to $3,850,000 of Irrigation Costs will be borne by private investment. The cost of the electricity is $.033/Kwh. The market price of electricity in remote areas of Africa is well over $.15/Kwh.

map Africa East hydro irrigation
map Africa East hydro irrigation

Where does all this electricity come from? the Congo River near Inga.

map Africa East hydro irrigation
Africa East hydro irrigation

Continue reading AFRICA EAST HYDRO & ELECTRICITY 2

AFRICA ELECTRICITY & IRRIGATION 2

The Second Green Revolution starting in Africa

Micro Irrigation, which is 95% efficient — meaning that almost all the water is applied to nurturing the plants compared with as little as 20% in traditional irrigation. While irrigated land makes up only 17% of all farmland, it produces 40% of the world’s crops.

The Green Revolution has been losing its momentum for a long time. Growth in world grain production slowed from 3% per annum to 1% over the last decade. Improper irrigation techniques cause some of the problems: too much water in the fields leave behind salts that build up in the soil and this ultimately leaves the land infertile.

Somehow the U.N. predicts that farmers will increase the area of land under cultivation by 27% over the next 18 years. Sustainable agriculture will develop without exhausting the land. Organic farming will become more attractive as fewer farmers will depend on chemical fertilizers, for example, beans replace the fields’ lost nitrogen.

Genetic manipulation will create more bountiful crops. Micro-irrigation will expand to more than the present 1% of all irrigated lands. Together all these trends could spur a Second Green Revolution –– one that would be less destructive that the first.

AFRICA HYDRO & IRRIGATION
AFRICA HYDRO & IRRIGATION

Continue reading AFRICA ELECTRICITY & IRRIGATION 2

THE AFRICAN MIDDLE CLASS IS COMING!