A NEW PATENT
THE HUG (Helical Unique Generation) is a new good, which has never been seen before. It substantially deviates from any other good or service produced before. Over the past decades, no major breakthroughs have occurred in the basic machinery of Pipeline Rehabilitation to solve the problem of pipeline corrosion.
PIPELINE INTRUSION SYSTEM
Average 250 Pipeline Accidents Each Year: Billions Spent on Property Damage
THE NEED: Corrosion remains the number one problem in the industry. The Saudi Arabian Oil Company (Saudi Aramco) is the state-owned oil company of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It is among the leading producers of natural gas, and monitors and controls a 20,000 km pipeline network. The problem of corrosion took precedence in the latest pipeline conference this summer in Saudi Arabia: one third of the time was allocated to this problem.
THE HIGH COST OF REHABILITATION: In January 2010, UAE-based construction firm, Dodsal, won a contract for the replacement of a 100 km, 36 inch diameter pipeline linking Abu Dhabi, worth approximately $US 85 million: $US 8.5 million/km. The HUG Thermoplastic Liner would have cost 25% to 33% less: $56.6million to $US64 million– a saving up to $US21 million and still would have generated a very high profit margin.
Among the largest producing regions, the Middle East is also the fastest growing market for pipelines. The region will expand by 42% in construction length and 63% in expenditure over the next 5 years. Why not install a HUG Thermostatic Liner in all the new pipeline networks to extend their lifetime to 50 years for a reasonable extra cost?*
THE COMPETITION: There are presently other HDPE liners. The power roller compresses these liners to provide an optimum of a 0.5 inches gap inside the carrier pipeline. This gap closes upon use and the new liner becomes supported by the steel pipeline. The difficulty is that the gap is too small and consequently the maximum distance for rehabilitation of a large dimension pipeline is 800m. This short distance is caused by the friction of the weight of the liner as it is forced along the corrosive pathway of the carrier pipeline. There is no room for adding a lubricated ‘slip slide’. (If the compression exceeds a 0.5 inches gap, the memory of the HDPE pipe is loss.) Continue reading PIPELINE CORROSION FINALLY SOLVED 2
Our aim is to help the wealth gradually trickle down so that Africa can have the fastest growing middle class in the world.
A country cannot grow with only a rich class and a poor class! It is acknowledged that many living on US$2 to US$4 a day could easily slip back into poverty. The middle class is presently almost non-existent, when you accurately define them as owning a small house or a car.
Stage 1 Agricultural Mechanization of Africa Stage 2 Today’s Tall Trees Nursery: Carbon Tax Fund Resource
Stage 3 Micro Finance and Landlord Cooperative for Irrigation
Stage 4 Irrigation in Remote Areas using moving water energy.
Stage 5 Electricity in Remote Areas created from moving water.
Africa: the world’s fastest-growing middle class is coming!
As an indicator of recent trends, The Economist magazine, which in 2000 ran a cover story headlined ‘The hopeless continent’ recently U-turned with an article headed ‘The Hopeful Continent’.
But for those already investing in the continent, their experience is ‘a story of progress, growth, a story of political and economic vibrancy’.
Stimulating Entrepreneurship in Africa
Our Model is for Micro Investments, known as AFRICApitalism. Your passion should be entrepreneurship. For others it may be health care or education. Driving Africa’s economic development by supporting entrepreneurship will bring more people out of poverty than any other solution. We wish to start down the path of strategic philanthropy early: the challenge of supporting the development of Africa in a sustainable way.
Co-investment crowd and professionals invest together under the same financial conditions. LIVING WATER IS CORPORATION, the profit sharing arm of LIVING WATER MICROFINANCE INC. uses the techniques of crowdfunding to give people the opportunity to select and invest alongside professionals, who analyses the investment opportunity. A prospectus may be issued in order to comply with the market regulator’s requirements.
AFRICApital Stimulates Entrepreneurship
There are three models:
Electricity in Remote Areas created from moving water will eliminate energy poverty. Insufficient electricity production means low industrial productivity, low employment opportunities and increased emigration of Africa’s workforce to Europe and other places.
The poorest fifth of the world pays one-fifth of the world’s lighting bill – but receive only 0.1% of the lighting benefits. The problem is millions of dollars continue to be dumped into failed grid extension programs – not distributed clean energy markets to rectify the problem.
Electricity supply is worse in rural areas where four out of five people in Africa, are without electricity. The rate of rural electrification is lower than in any other continent. The proportion of people in Africa still depending on inefficient traditional energy sources is higher than in any other continent.
In rural Africa, estimates that a single cell phone charge in Africa, which costs about 20 cents, is about 100 times more expensive than in developed countries.
The dominant source of fuel in low-income African homes is wood which women and children spend many hours in search of. Electricity could extend study hours for these school children, and free up time for other activities for women. Deforestation with associated land erosion and desertification continue to worsen as trees are cut down for desperately needed fire wood. In general, the rate of electrification in Africa is lower than in any other continent!
Power blackout is a regular scene in cities, towns and villages across Africa with attendant negative impact on the quality of living and business productivity. Power plants and transmission lines across Africa, most of which were erected in the 1950s and 1960s operate today at just a fraction of installed capacity due to insufficient maintenance and lack of modernization.
ALLEVIATING WATER AND ENERGY POVERTYAfrica’s large dams (more than 1,270 at last count) have consistently been built at the expense of rural communities, who have been forced to sacrifice their lands and livelihoods to them yet have reaped few benefits.
Insufficient electricity production means low industrial productivity, low employment opportunities and increased emigration of Africa’s workforce to Europe and other places.
The Beginning of a Solution Continue reading ALLEVIATING ENERGY POVERTY 2
HUG ENERGY uses wave energy to pump seawater to shore. Our industrial partners are able to desalinate the seawater using the pressure alone with no external energy source in a reverse osmosis system. The resulting fresh water is then put through drip irrigation systems able to irrigate 15-30 hectares of land. Green coastal deserts means more jobs and more food.
Now let’s explain the real reason for the HUG: HIGH POWER DENSITY
The formula for Kinetic Energy is KE= ½ x A x V 3 x (.35) efficiency (A = area swept); Velocity. The area of the throat of the HUG is 3.26 m2
Kinetic Energy = ½ x 3.26 m2 x (14.7 to 17.7 m/s)3 x .35 = 14.7 to 74.5 kW/turbine
Acceleration = a = g (acceleration of gravity) = 9.8 m/sec 2 for 11 to 16 m waves.
(Final Velocity)2 = 2 x a x s (2 x 9.8 m/sec x (11m to16 m)= 14.7 m/sec to 17.7m/sec
Distance (s) of Crest of HUG
Number of Systems
Number of Turbine
Final Velocity (m/s)
V2 = 2as: (11m to16 m)
Final Power (kW/ turbine) = ½ x 3.26 m2 x (d)3 x .35
(c x e)
Total Power Output of HUG
(b x f)
|3.5||4||6||14.7 (17.7)||564 to 745||3.38(4.47)||13(17)|
How can the HUG produce so much power: 13-17 MW? Continue reading GREENING OF COASTAL DESERTS 2
Combine the HUG with the Micro Credit available from LIVING WATER MICROFINANCE INC. and you have a winning combination. Farmers can borrow small sums of money for seed and land rental on a short term basis. They will have access to new fresh water and a low cost micro irrigation systems for their farms. Add fertilizer to the formula and you have three season/year of farming in Africa.
Stage 1 Mobile Health: Tele-health (for African Health Workers)
Stage 2 Micro Finance and Landlord Cooperative for Irrigation
Stage 3 Today’s Tall Trees Nursery: Carbon Tax Fund Resource
Stage 4 Irrigation in Remote Areas using moving water energy.
Stage 5 Electricity in Remote Areas created from moving water. Continue reading AFRICA FERTILIZER 2
Our Mission: to help solve the problem of carbon emissions in the world by growing and managing mature forests of foliage, fruit and nut trees that eventually are used in lumber — not firewood. The Carbon Tax Fund supports a Micro finance initiative to support women farmers and their families who will nurture these trees over their lifetime. The Net Present Value of each tree is up to $2.49.
- The Landlord Donor earns a LEGACY: his community will honor him for his generosity. The farm community will be named after him.
- The Company, Living Water Is Corporation continues to use part of this free land to support women farmers and an entrepreneur on the land, who will provide employment.
- An Agronomist or a Mentor on site will earn a small fee for his or her guidance.
THE HUG INNOVATION
Innovation in Africa leads to electricity in Remote Areas using the kinetic energy of moving water developed from an entirely new patent.