The African Wave Energy Potential
Now enter a new use which is more profitable: the creation of electricity. Now it makes sense to spend over $25 million on the project because of a lucrative return on investments: 19%/1st year.
The HUG African Wave Energy promises to bring electricity created from ocean wave energy to the ocean shores of Africa.
The following images are located along the west coast of South Africa wherever there is a natural small bay. This type of topography reduces the cost of the reservoir.
THINKING “OUT OF THE BOX”
We have been waiting for a wave energy solution for the last 40 years. There have been a dozen approaches with a lot of activity in the last ten years, but there have been no resounding commercial successes. Most ideas are replicated from other ideas in the box.
This HUG Wave Energy System is “out of the box” and it will cause an Energy Revolution.
The formula for Kinetic Energy is
KE= ½ x A x V 3 x (.35) efficiency (A = area swept; Velocity)
Diameter of the Helical Turbine in the HUG is 1 m. The radius is 0.5 m: A = π r2 = π (0.5)2 = .785 m2
SUMMER LOWER WAVES
KE = ½ x .785 m2 x (5.42 m/sec)3 x .35 = 21.9 kW/turbine x 7 HUG units/system= .153 MW x 10 HUG Systems =1.53 MW. The lower summer waves are accommodated with a lower automatic door openings. The height of the slab wave is smaller during the summer: hence a lower velocity for a 1.5 m drop: 5.42 m/sec.
HIGH WAVES DURING STRONG PREVAILING WIND
- The overtopping technique which creates a high slab wave created by an artificial reef allows for more flexibility: the HUG can be located in more places facing the prevailing winds that may only have moderate wave action. Other overtopping wave energy systems have to be built where there are high waves, which may be too far away from the population. The HUG system creates slab waves from average wave action at the desired location.
- The HUG has very low cost of construction: an artificial reef, a reservoir and the light-weight HUG System
- On average, a competitive wave power plant can cost around $6-10 million to create one Megawatt of electricity. The average HUG Power Plant cost $25 million to produce 1.5 MW to 9.3 MW ($2.7 million/ Megawatt). The investment earns an average of $3 million/year for a Return on Investment of 12% in the first year. The operating cost is very low during its entire life-time of 30 years: $0.018/kWh. An annual offsetting green energy grant of $0.01/kWh will reduce this operating cost. The selling price exceeds $0.08/kWh. The comparative price in Hawaii exceeds $0.30/kWh. (The pay-back period is estimated to be one year in Hawaii.)
Say goodbye to diesel oil.
Budget Allowance: $25,000,000
- HUG System: 24% $5,900,000
- Dredging, Stonework & Concrete 31% 7,700,000*
- Engineering Planning and Design: 12% 3,115,000
- Contingency, Insurance, Legal costs: 8% 2,040,000
- Artificial Reef 6% 1,300,000
- O & M First Year: 5% 1,050,000
- Ten Year Refit 4% 835,000
- Loan Interest 2.5% 625,000
- Installation 2.5% 625,000
- Facilities 2.5% 625,000
- Mooring 2% 420,000
- Construction Management 2% 420,000
- Sub-sea pipeline 1% 200,000
Budget Allowance: $24,855,000
- On some more desirable locations, the civil works of $7.7 million can be reduced to $1 million to $2 million.
|INCOME: 49,275,000 kWh/year [x $0.079 (Quebec)] $3,893,000: ROI Quebec = 19% in first year (@90% utilization) ROI Hawaii = 105% in first year (@90% utilization)
ROI : $3,893,000 – (475,000/yr. Loan Interest) = $3,418,000/year
COMPARATIVE ELECTRICITY COST: 49,275,000 kWh/year [x $0.34(Hawaii)] $16,275,000:
The Following Year: O&M annual costs are 15%: $0.02/kWh:
less $0.01/kWh Carbon Tax Grant
|70 Turbines x 90 kW/turbine = 6.25 MW average annually
Typically 30-60 kW per meter along the coasts: (30 kw/m x 200 m length of reef = 6 MW)
Total Costs of 6,250 kW or 49,275,000 kWh/year: $25,000,000 @ 90% utilization
6,250 kW x 7884 hours/year@ 90% utilization = 49,275,000 kWh/year
This amount of electricity will support 5000 households@ 10,000 kWh/home
The advantages of HUG Wave Power are obvious:
- Green: no emissions of harmful green house gases
- Renewable: there will always be waves and wave energy does not require any fuel like most other sources of energy.
- Enormous Energy Potential: the energy density is 30-100 KW per meter of wave length
- Reliable: not like solar or wind energy with no noise pollution and no oil spills or coal deaths.
- Area Efficiency: less than a half square mile of ocean produced 300 MW (the density of water is 800 times higher than air)
- Flexibility: they can be located along the shore where most populations exist and where there are prevailing winds.
- Ideal for Islands: that depend on expensive imported oil
- Predictable and Consistent: in areas of prevailing winds
- The HUG does not disrupt marine life. Any fish caught in the turbine will experience a twist but they will not be chopped up.
- The HUG can be located in more places that only have moderate wave action.
Wave power doesn’t get much attention, but technologies for extracting energy from ocean motion could end up following the same growth curves that we have seen for wind and, more recently, solar power. A theme among wave power experts is that wave energy is where wind energy was three decades ago.
The closest concept to the HUG Wave Energy System is the Wave Dragon overtopping device as shown above. The difference is that the above system is built like a large heavy ship so as not to be jostled by strong waves. Their system does not use the physics of the slab wave and the principle of the vortex, which creates much higher velocity. Hence, in order to maximize the velocity of the waves, they are forced to place their system in the location of high waves, which may not be a convenient location.
The HUG can be located in places with average ocean waves close to populations:
There have been a lot of wasted efforts in solving wave energy problems because of wrong pathways: too big, too mechanical. There have been no real great commercial successes. This may be the real reason why big companies like GE have not entered into the fray.
- Besides providing electricity, the HUG Wave Energy System can produce hydrogen, which is less expensive than imported oil to the islands and is more environmentally sustainable. The secret of hydrogen electrolysis is the low cost of electricity, which must be kept under $0.05/kWh. The high cost of transmission of hydrogen can be eliminated by building hydrogen filling stations for automobiles and trucks right at the site of HUG Wave Energy System: the frontage on shore ranges up to 280 m.
- Besides providing electricity, the HUG Wave Energy System can provide fresh water from an electrolysis system that is activated by high pressure water: a Reverse Osmosis Desalination process. Typical operating costs will range from $2/Kgal of fresh water, because of the low price of electricity: $0.01/kWh
- Wherever there are surfers on any island or in any ocean going country, you can create electricity. Around the coasts of Northern Ireland and the west coast of Scotland, are some of the richest reserves of renewable energy in Europe, with the strongest winds and the largest waves.
- The HUG Artificial Reef will provide safe surfing on great slab waves over 200′ long close to population centers in a tourist area without the danger of sharp rock formations and urchins.
Hug Energy Inc. will grant to licensee an exclusive right to grant sub-licenses to a third party to be on terms and conditions that are substantially the same as those set forth in the agreement for the license, for which consideration is to be shared equally with Licensor.
That means this agreement gives the exclusive licensee the right to sub-license. What that really means is once the hydro industry has discovered the all the advantages of the HUG, the license will be in high demand. The licensee can cash in on all the sub-licensees from other hydro companies, in a big way: 2.5% of all their net sales, without any effort on their part.
- A Micro Hydro Electric System: no dams: HugENERGY.us
- An Irrigation System: NORTHydro.com
- A Rabbit and Fish Farm: AfriCAPITALISM.us
- The Charitable Arm: SunnyUp.net
- Living Water Micro Finance: LivingWaterMicroFinance.org
- Thunder of Justice: ThunderofJustice.com
- Deliverance Is: Deliveranceis.com
- God Love Letters: GodLoveLetters.com
- Living Water Is: LivingWaterIs.com
BILLIONS OF CHRISTIANS CAN’ T ALL BE WRONG!
Christianity is not a philosophy, but it is a relationship with God, your Creator, in Christ TODAY. It is not knowledge of abstract principles.
HOW DO WE KNOW THIS?
Some Christian disciples use deliverance to deliver away evil spirits influencing people. These evil spirits cause depression, addictions and illness through all forms of stress.
2. COMPLETE SENSE OF PEACE?
After you have been delivered from evil influences, you will have a definite physical experience of a complete sense of peace.
Once you experience a physical sense of peace because of deliverance, you know that you will be healed. This helps you build up your faith, which is very crucial: No faith! No healing!
Some Christian disciples have the gift of healing. Only the Name of Jesus Christ makes healing and deliverance possible.
THE WHOLE FAMILY BENEFITS
In the end, one Christian conversion will benefit the whole family. The gifts of the Holy Spirit of healing and deliverance will help the whole family. A prayer of deliverance of evil spirits will leave any member of the family with a complete sense of peace immediately. A prayer of healing from a Christian disciple produces 80% healing. The remaining healing comes from continued prayer of praise and thanksgiving until all the healing is complete. This healing comes from the Holy Spirit through the power in the Name of Jesus Christ. No other god or deity or doctor uses this power. This proves the TRUTH OF CHRISTIANITY.
God divinely inspired the BIBLE . How do we know? Each of eight accurate predictions shows a high probability mathematically. The probability of one individual fulfilling eight prophecies have odds of 1 in 10 17 (1 in 100,000,000,000,000,000). Jesus Christ fulfilled all prophecies, therefore the Bible MUST BE TRUE.
The Old Testament indicates another 40 astonishing predictions.
Christianity experiences stunning growth—from approximately 3.8 million adherents in China in 1956 to an estimated 87 to 100 million Christians today.
HOW IS JESUS STILL ALIVE TODAY?
Jesus is alive today! He heals today (through His followers) and in many cases it is realized immediately. How else can you explain the explosion of Christianity, the world’s largest religion, on earth: 2.2 billion adherents, nearly a third (31 percent) of all 6.9 billion people on Earth.
Christians know and feel His Presence; they communicate with Him personally; Christian prayers are always answered.
This author has been given the Gift of Healing only because he is a Christian Lay Missionary, who travels two to three places every year. On his last trip to Columbia he successfully transferred his Gift to his Spanish translators, who were able to heal as he did. He has healed Muslims to their great surprise.
He also delivers away evil spirits along with their healing. All those who are delivered from evil spirits feel a complete physical sense of peace.
DREAMS AND VISIONS
God can give a message to those non-Christians to change their heart. God knows faith will be developed eventually. God will come to you in the form of dreams or visions. So be sensitive to any dreams or visions, when you ask God for it earnestly.
HAVE YOU EVER WONDERED HOW TO BECOME A CHRISTIAN?
- Christians don’t shout, “I live a clean life!” Christians whisper “I feel lost, but now God found me and God forgives me.”
- Christians don’t speak with pride. They confess that they stumble and need Christ to be their guide.
- Christians don’t say,” I’m strong.” They say they try to be strong because they need strength.
- Christians don’t brag about success, but they admit that they fail and they need God to clean the mess.
- Christians don’t claim to be perfect, but God still believes in them.
- Christians still feel the sting of pain. They have their share of headaches but they still call upon His Name.
- Christians are not holier than others. They are simple sinners who receive God’s unbelievable Grace.
Christianity on a Table Napkin:
“If you declare with your mouth, ‘Jesus is Lord,’ and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.” Romans 10:9
God the Father will wipe every tear from our eyes, and there shall be no more death or mourning, crying out or pain. We will be like Him, for we will see Him as He is The Holy Spirit will have made all things new. Eternal joy will begin. “For the Mighty One has done great things for me— holy is His name.” Luke 1: 49
Are we not like Barabbas who was justly condemned for murder, but saved by the innocent Jesus on the cross? Are we not like the adulterous woman, deserving of death by stoning, to whom Jesus says, “I do not condemn you”? And Jesus saved them both. In fact, Jesus came to earth specifically to look for and save those who were lost, like you.
“Come now, let us settle the matter,” says the LORD, “Though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red as crimson, they shall be like wool”. Isaiah 1:18
You may need some counseling with a pastor, priest or competent Christian worker, who will introduce you to a Short Course on Who is Jesus? Start by reading a short biography of Jesus in the Gospel of Luke. Read several verses before going to bed and read the same verse upon arising. He will defend you from attacks of the enemy when you ask Him.
Healing and Deliverance (Ctrl + Click to follow Link)
- Abuse and Trauma
- A Vision of Hell
- Breaking Free of Controlling Spirits
- Can a Smart Person believe in God
- Cigarette and Drug Bust
- Deliverance from Depression
- Deliverance from Drugs and Addiction
- Deliverance from Prison
- Deliverance PowerPoint
- Divine Healing
- Do you Know an Alcoholic?
- Don’t be Afraid of Fear
- Gluttony is Not Merely Overeating
- God’s Protection and Blessing
- Healing and Deliverance General Information
- Healing and Deliverance Instructions
- Healing Hands: Father Melvin Doucette
- Healing of Relationships
- How to Keep Your Healing Once you have Received it
- Insomnia and Deliverance
- Jesus Cures a Blind Man at Bethsaida
- Joy and Sorrow
- Let’s Start
- Lust and its Brother Pornography
- Physical Healing
- Power of Healing
- Prisoner of Unforgiveness
- The Healing Power of Jesus
- The High Stakes of Gambling Addiction
- Three Ways of Self-Deliverance
- Ungodly Soul Ties
- Ungodly Superstitious Beliefs
- Your Part
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