Electricity in Remote Areas created from moving water will eliminate energy poverty. Insufficient electricity production means low industrial productivity, low employment opportunities and increased emigration of Africa’s workforce to Europe and other places.
The poorest fifth of the world pays one-fifth of the world’s lighting bill – but receive only 0.1% of the lighting benefits. The problem is millions of dollars continue to be dumped into failed grid extension programs – not distributed clean energy markets to rectify the problem.
Electricity supply is worse in rural areas where four out of five people in Africa, are without electricity. The rate of rural electrification is lower than in any other continent. The proportion of people in Africa still depending on inefficient traditional energy sources is higher than in any other continent.
In rural Africa, estimates that a single cell phone charge in Africa, which costs about 20 cents, is about 100 times more expensive than in developed countries.
The dominant source of fuel in low-income African homes is wood which women and children spend many hours in search of. Electricity could extend study hours for these school children, and free up time for other activities for women. Deforestation with associated land erosion and desertification continue to worsen as trees are cut down for desperately needed fire wood. In general, the rate of electrification in Africa is lower than in any other continent!
Power blackout is a regular scene in cities, towns and villages across Africa with attendant negative impact on the quality of living and business productivity. Power plants and transmission lines across Africa, most of which were erected in the 1950s and 1960s operate today at just a fraction of installed capacity due to insufficient maintenance and lack of modernization.
ALLEVIATING WATER AND ENERGY POVERTYAfrica’s large dams (more than 1,270 at last count) have consistently been built at the expense of rural communities, who have been forced to sacrifice their lands and livelihoods to them yet have reaped few benefits.
Insufficient electricity production means low industrial productivity, low employment opportunities and increased emigration of Africa’s workforce to Europe and other places.