Tag Archives: water pumps

HUG THE MINI GRID 2

GOOD NIGHT, DARKNESS

Africa might leapfrog straight to cheap renewable electricity and mini-grids.Hug Mini Grid

Apart from speckles of light around the biggest cities, much of Africa is dark. Of all the measures of the continent’s poverty, few are starker than that about two-thirds of its people have no access to reliable electricity. The number of Africans without any power is 620 million, most of them in villages and on farms. The African Progress Panel (APP) found that in nine African countries fewer than one in five primary schools had lights. A study by the World Health Organization found that about a quarter of clinics and hospitals in 11 African countries have no power of any kind, and many of the rest get it from generators that often break down or run out of fuel.  If you don’t have electricity you don’t have a fridge, and if you don’t have a fridge hospitals can’t store vaccines. They rely on expensive backup generators, so the electricity they use is among the costliest in the world. This is the biggest single barrier to development.

Adding a house to the grid even in a compact country such as Rwanda typically costs about $2,000, which is more than the country’s average annual income per person. The APP reckons that expanding grid power across Africa to reach almost everyone would cost $63 billion a year until 2030, compared with the $8 billion a year that is being spent now. Continue reading HUG THE MINI GRID 2

KINETIC POWER OF WATER 2

 Kinetic Power 

The HUG is a damless system that uses kinetic power of moving water.  Rapids can add 70 MW power without impacting on  the environment. Africa could benefit from its kinetic power of water from rapids. This would provide a return on investment within just a few years.

HUG Malawi Rapids

A Funnel HUG can be adapted to capture kinetic energy in the form of electricity from the tail race of a dam.
Malawi HUG Rapids

Now let’s explain the real reason for the HUG: POWER

The formula for Kinetic Energy is KE= ½ x A x V 3 x (.35) efficiency    (A = area swept; Velocity).        The area of the throat of the HUG is 3.26 m2

 Kinetic Energy = ½ x 3.26 m2 x (7.7 m/s*)3 x .35 = 260kW/turbine x 6 = 1.56 MW

            Acceleration = a = g (acceleration of gravity) = 9.8 m/sec

          (Final Velocity)2 = 2 x a x s (2 x 9.8 m/sec x 3.05 m)= 7.7 m/sec

The Next StepMalawi HUG rapids

Continue reading KINETIC POWER OF WATER 2

ATLANTIC AFRICA HYDRO & IRRIGATION 2

 HUG Ocean Current Power


Ocean-current-turbines inside the ocean along the coastline from  Ghana and Liberia, which could generate all of their energy needs.

00Untitled-6Why hasn’t anyone developed this potential? Because ocean current flow is only 1 m/sec.  The HUG System is designed to create a fast laminar flow from  the turbulent ocean current and thereby increasing the  necessary threshold velocity  to 3.1 m/sec.

Why hasn’t anyone developed this potential? Because ocean current flow is only 1 m/sec.  The HUG System is designed to create a fast laminar flow from  the turbulent ocean current and thereby increasing the  necessary threshold velocity  to 3.1 m/sec.

ZZZZUntitled-14Ocean-current-turbines inside the ocean along the coastline from  Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana and Liberia, which could generate all of their energy needs.

00Untitled-7 Continue reading ATLANTIC AFRICA HYDRO & IRRIGATION 2

AFRICA SOUTH EAST: HYDRO & IRRIGATION 2

 

map AFRICA SOUTH EAST HYDRO & IRRIGATION
map AFRICA SOUTH EAST HYDRO

Where does all this electricity come from? Congo River near Inga.

AFRICA SOUTH EAST HYDRO
map AFRICA SOUTH EAST HYDRO

Continue reading AFRICA SOUTH EAST: HYDRO & IRRIGATION 2

WATER TRANSFER: PACIFIC RIM 2

Water Transfer 

  • The new patented pipeline, called HUG require little or no huge water pumps. This water pipeline, encourages a laminar flow with little or no friction. This means a water transfer system in the Pacific Rim would go for hundreds of kilometers with fewer pumps
  • The traditional method is a straight pipeline, which develops a turbulent flow, caused by the friction on the inside lining of this pipeline.
  • This old pipeline system requires several expensive large dimension water pumps and water reservoirs along its pathway with a maximum length of less than 78 km.

We have discovered new inexpensive ways to manage the water shortage. The HUG exceeds the previous distance limits of transferring fresh water by a factor of ten from 70 km to 1000 km.

Water pipeline projects are becoming an increasingly important part of Australian infrastructure development in order to ensure water supply to the nation’s growing population.

Western Australia from the Tully River to Brisbane, Queensland           is less cost than the proposed pipeline from the Burdekin River to Brisbane which is projected to cost approximately $7.5 billion for infrastructure and about $250 million for annual operation pump stations, four reservoirs and 11 tunnels.  Enter the HUG: and the price is 30% less. Continue reading WATER TRANSFER: PACIFIC RIM 2

WATER TRANSFER: AFRICA 2

How are we changing the world
How are we changing the world?
  • The new patented pipeline, called HUG require little or no huge water pumps. This water pipeline, encourages a laminar flow with little or no friction. This means a water transfer system in Africa would go for hundreds of kilometers with fewer pumps
  • The traditional method is a straight pipeline, which develops a turbulent flow, caused by the friction on the inside lining of this pipeline.
  • This old pipeline system requires several expensive large dimension water pumps and water reservoirs along its pathway with a maximum length of less than 78 km.

HUG Technology

HUG is a patented water transfer system that will literally change the face of our world as we know it. Imagine new fresh water delivered over 1000 km in a HUG ocean pipeline.

Objective: to build an ocean-going pipeline  longer than 1000 km

  • With a pipeline built on the ocean floor, the cost would be close to $3.6 million/mile.
  • Large dimension pumps adds to the cost (every 70 km), which is only possible if a reservoir can be built on nearby land: the cost of $6.4 million/mile.
  • Now let us eliminate the large dimension pumps with a HUG: the cost  is  reduced to less than $1million/mile. What a bargain!
WATER TRANSFER: AFRICA
WATER TRANSFER: AFRICA

What we call violent conflict should be seen for what it is: poverty hunger, water scarcity & despair. Most of all we need to subdue our fears and cynicism and provide HOPE. We need science and technology.

ANGOLA

Continue reading WATER TRANSFER: AFRICA 2

WATER TRANSFER: AMERICAS 2

THE HUG

  • The new patented pipeline, called HUG require little or no huge water pumps. This water pipeline, encourages a laminar flow with little or no friction. This means a water transfer system in America would go for hundreds of kilometers with fewer pumps
  • The traditional method is a straight pipeline, which develops a turbulent flow, caused by the friction on the inside lining of this pipeline.
  • This old pipeline system requires several expensive large dimension water pumps and water reservoirs along its pathway with a maximum length of less than 78 km.

Presently,  excess fresh water is wasted as it flows into the ocean. Present technology of water transfer is limited to 80 km between pumping stations.  No one has considered the possibility of transferring fresh water through the ocean over a distance of ten times that limitation of 80 km. One can float these pipelines at a depth of 30 meters in an ocean environment, which allows one country to sell its excess water to another country over a long distance. 

This fresh water pipeline is extruded directly into the ocean from a barge or from a sea shore without any welding required.

The new patented pipeline, called HUG require little or no huge water pumps. This water pipeline, encourages a laminar flow with little or no friction.

WATER TRANSFER:
WATER TRANSFER BY OCEAN

WATER TRANSFER: BRAZIL

Continue reading WATER TRANSFER: AMERICAS 2

WATER TRANSFER NORTH AMERICA 2

THE HUG

  • The new patented pipeline, called HUG require little or no huge water pumps. This water pipeline, encourages a laminar flow with little or no friction. This means a water transfer system in United States would go for hundreds of kilometers with fewer pumps
  • The traditional method is a straight pipeline, which develops a turbulent flow, caused by the friction on the inside lining of this pipeline.
  • This old pipeline system requires several expensive large dimension water pumps and water reservoirs along its pathway with a maximum length of less than 78 km.
  • New technology leads to new growth opportunities.
  • Canada and United States can lead the world in this new technology.
  • HUG is a patented water transfer system that will  literally change the face of our world as we know it.
WATER TRANSFER NORTH AMERICA
WATER TRANSFER NORTH AMERICA
  • There are 20 geological fault crossings between Alaska and California. To solve this problem:
  • The HUG invention outlines the method to float the pipeline under the turbulent ocean waves.
  • The HUG invention reduces the cost drastically, because of less water pumps.
WATER TRANSFER NORTH AMERICA
WATER TRANSFER NORTH AMERICA

The high costs, which includes construction, maintenance & operation , was to be $150 billion. Continue reading WATER TRANSFER NORTH AMERICA 2